Maryland has the highest concentration of employed doctoral scientists and engineers. The state ranks first in employed PhD scientists and engineers per 100,000 employed workers. Maryland also ranks first in mathematical sciences (71), first in biological sciences (398), first in health (63), and third in physical sciences (197) per 100,000 employed workers.
Maryland ranks second in the percentage of professional and technical workers (26.1%) in the workforce.
Maryland ranks second in the percentage of the population age 25 and above with a graduate or professional degree (16.4%), and third in the percentage with a bachelor’s degree or higher (36.1%).
Maryland ranks fourth in the concentration of technology jobs, which employ 87 of every 1,000 private sector workers. Further, the state ranks fourth by employment in space and defense systems manufacturing, sixth in computer systems design, and eighth in engineering services.
Maryland ranks fifth in federal government employment, with 131,855 non-military federal jobs in 2009. On a per capita basis, the state ranks third with 231 jobs per 10,000 residents. Non-military federal jobs generate $11.4 billion in total wages in Maryland, ranking fourth among the states. Further, these jobs pay better in Maryland than in any other state, with an average annual wage of $87,767, which is 28% higher than the national average.